Year End Tax Planning

Business man holding TAX

The end of the tax year is fast approaching, but there is still time before 5 April to save tax for 2016-17. Below are some points you may wish to consider.

MAXIMISE CAPITAL ALLOWANCES

Businesses may be able to write off the cost of capital assets by making the most of capital allowances. The Annual Investment Allowance allows businesses to claim a deduction of up to £200,000 of the year’s investment in plant and machinery (with the exception of cars). Most business structures can make use of the AIA.

UTILISE YOUR FULL ISA ALLOWANCE

Individuals may invest up to £15,240 for the current tax year. A saver may only pay into a maximum of one cash ISA, one stocks and shares ISA and one innovative finance ISA per year. Savers have until 5 April 2017 to make full use of their 2016-17 ISA investment allowance. ISAs can offer a very useful tax-free way to save.

TAX EFFICIENT RETIREMENT PLAN

Pension contributions have to be paid by 5 April 2017 for them to be relieved against 2016-17 income. Annual contributions cannot exceed the greater of £3,600 (gross) or the amount of your UK relevant earnings eligible for tax relief. However, the contributions are subject to the annual allowance, currently £40,000. This is further reduced for those with net income of over £110,000 and adjusted annual income (i.e. your income plus both your own and your employer’s pension contributions) over £150,000. For every £2 of adjusted income over this figure, a person’s annual allowance is reduced by £1 (down to a minimum of £10,000).

For further information please contact our tax team here at Green & Co.

Please note: This article is a commentary on general principles and should not be interpreted as advice for your specific situation.

 

New Tax Year – New Rules!

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So, the 6th of April brings in the new tax year with new rules, but what are the changes?

  • Personal Allowance – increases to £11,000.
  • Personal Savings Allowance – if you are in the 20% band for income tax, you will pay no tax on the first £1,000 of interest you get from savings. If you are a 40% taxpayer, you are allowed to earn £500 of interest tax-free ,rather than £1,000.
  • ISA limits
    • ISA – £15,240
    • Junior Isa limit- £4,080
    • Child trust fund limit- £4,080
  • National living wage – 25 and overs are now entitled to a minimum pay of £7.20 per hour.
  • Dividend Allowance – The first £5,000 you receive in dividends is tax free. Above £5,000, basic-rate taxpayers will pay 7.5% tax, higher-rate taxpayers 32.5%, and additional rate taxpayers 38.1%.
  • Employment Allowance – The new amount of £3,000 can be reclaimed against employers NI.
  • Tax on Loans to Directors -The 25% tax charge on loans to directors, etc. increases to 32.5%.
  • Capital Gains Tax – The higher rate of capital gains tax is reducing from 28% to 20% and the basic rate from 18% to 10%. However, the new rates will not apply to residential property that does not qualify for private residence relief.
  • Vat Registration – The thresholds increase to £83,000 for registration and £81,000 for deregistration.
  • Landlords and Second-home Owners – Will have to pay an extra 3% in stamp duty for second properties bought after 1 April 2016. This is on top of the normal rates (0% on the first £125,000; 2% for £125,001 to 250,000; 5% for £250,001 to £925,000; 10% for £925,001 to £1.5m, and 12% above £1.5m).

If you have any questions regarding the changes, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Please note: This article is a commentary on general principles and should not be interpreted as advice for your specific situation.

Image courtesy of gubgib at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Ed Gooderham’s thoughts on the Budget

Ed Gooderham, partner at Green & Co, tweeted along live with George Osborne’s Budget announcements. Catch up with his thoughts here…

If you have any questions on any of the above or about the Budget in general, please don’t hesitate to contact us on 01633 871122

Nick Park analyses the Budget on BBC Radio Wales

To find out what other announcements were made in  the Chancellor’s Budget, read our Budget Summary.

Budget 2015 and 2015/16 Tax Tables

www.greenandco.com

Our updated Tax Tables are available here – find out what the new rates mean for you.

If would like to  read our summary of the 2015 Budget, then please follow this link: Budget Summary 2015

The main issues include:

Farmers averaging – Farmers will be able to average their profits over five years instead of just two from April 2016.

Employer’s national insurance allowance – The employer’s national insurance allowance of £2,000 has been extended to 2015/16. Make sure you claim this on your payroll.

Help to Buy ISA – A new Help to Buy ISA will be introduced with the government providing a £50 bonus for every £200 of monthly savings up to a maximum of £3,000 on £12,000 of savings. The aim is to start the scheme from Autumn 2015.

Deeds of variation – The government will review the use of deeds of variation for inheritance tax planning.

For more tips, refer to the ‘think ahead’ boxes of our guide.

Please contact us if you need more information on these changes, or any other matter.